U.S. Census Bureau Daily Feature for May 12 - KCTV5

U.S. Census Bureau Daily Feature for May 12

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SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau

WASHINGTON, May 12, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Following is the daily "Profile America" feature from the U.S. Census Bureau:

U.S. Census Bureau Logo.

TYPE CASTING

Profile America - Monday, May 12th. Yesterday honored mothers, but it also was the 160th birthday of a German-American whose name may not be familiar, but whose invention had a profound impact on the reading habits of all Americans, and indeed, the world. His name was Ottmar Mergenthaler. His invention, the linotype - allowed one person to set type for printing by simply pressing keys on a keyboard - bypassing four different operations at much greater speeds. It was first used in 1886 by the New York Tribune and remained in industry use into the 1980s. By 1890, about 8.4 million Americans read a daily paper. Now that figure is around 40 million. Printing and related support activities engages over 27,000 establishments in an $82 billion a year business. Profile America is in its 17th year as a public service of the U.S. Census Bureau.

Sources:  Kane's Famous First Facts, 5805
Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970, p. 810
http://media-cmi.com/downloads/CMI_Discussion_Paper_Circulation_Trends_102813.pdf
http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/pdf/2012_econ_advance_report.pdf

Profile America is produced by the Center for New Media and Promotions of the U.S. Census Bureau. These daily features are available as produced segments, ready to air, on the Internet at http://www.census.gov (look for "Multimedia Gallery" by the "Newsroom" button). 

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